38, Number 1
Vertical Tectonics and the Drainage of Floodwater
A Model for the Middle and Late Diluvian PeriodPart I
Michael J. Oard
A model is presented for the erosional effects in the mid and late Flood that are due to large- and small-scale vertical tectonics of the crust coupled with Flood water movement. Other Flood models are briefly discussed without commenting on their merits or problems. Instead of a problem, all these models indicate a healthy state of Flood geology, according to the principle of multiple working hypotheses. The model is a further development of the Whitcomb-Morris concept using the terminology of Tas Walker. Evidence for great upward vertical tectonics of continents and subsidence of the ocean basins is presented. During this great event, massive evidence of sheet erosion of the continents is ubiquitous in the form of erosional remnants, erosion surfaces, and the long distance transport of resistant clasts.
The model is able to explain a number of mysterious phenomena in geomorphology, such as high-elevation erosional remnants, large-scale erosion surfaces, distally-deposited coarse gravel, continental margins, water gaps, pediments, and submarine canyons. The model has significant implications for other models and concepts concerning the Flood.
New Zuiyo Maru Cryptid Observations
Strong Indications It Was a Marine Tetrapod
Inspection of the Zuiyo Maru pictures reveals that the aquatic cryptid had a symmetrical pair of small upper fins on each side above the anterior flippers. If this observation is correct, then the identification of this animal as a basking shark is false. Previously, the fin of just one side was observed and wrongly identified as a sharks dorsal fin that had slid sideways from the mid-dorsal ridge. Examination of the original scientific report reveals that Yano, along with all the fishermen, observed a pair of upper fins. They specifically stated there was not a sharks dorsal fin. That statement caused considerable discussion among the scientists who questioned them. Besides that, some archaeological representations of marine tetrapods display the small symmetrical upper fin(s). Their appearance is like Yanos pictures, tending to provide confirmation for this feature. Another confirmation for the marine reptile understanding, and falsification of the shark idea, is a picture revealing the nare at the lower front of the skull. It is right where Yano sketched it, though that is not where it should be for sharks. Although this cryptid may not currently be identified with either living creatures or specific known fossils, it possessed characteristics like those of marine reptiles, perhaps similar to the Sauropterygia.
Influential Darwinists Supported the Nazi Holocaust
The writings of leading early twentieth-century, German biologists reveal that most of them actively supported Nazi race policies. They believed that the human gene pool could be improved by using selective breeding similar to the manner in which farmers breed superior cattle. In formulating their racial policies, Hitlers government relied heavily upon the works of Darwinists, including such prominent spokesmen as Chamberlain, Spencer, and Haeckel. Consequently, the development and implementation of government policies designed to evolve a superior race had widespread support from the scientific community. This philosophy culminated in the extermination of approximately six million Jews and four million other people who belonged to what German scientists labeled as inferior races.
Does the Collapse of a Gas Cloud to Form a Star
Violate the Second Law of Thermodynamics?
Danny R. Faulkner
I propose that the answer to the title question is no. I show that the change in entropy of a self-gravitating gas cloud as it contracts is negative. This general result is applied to the specific cases of a contracting pre-stellar cloud and to the Kelvin-Helmholtz mechanism. However, I argue that this does not violate the second law of thermodynamics, because both processes involve heat losses. By definition, a heat loss has a negative entropy change. In any heat transfer problem it is necessary to consider both the emission and absorption of heat in calculating the total entropy change to properly evaluate whether the process violates the second law of thermodynamics. Thus it appears that the theoretical contraction of a gas cloud to form a star does not violate the second law of thermodynamics. It is recommended that creationists do not use this argument to critique the theory of stellar evolution. However, there remains a long-standing problem with how the alleged initial contraction of a gas cloud can commence. This is a valid criticism of star formation.