39, Number 3
The Chaotic Chronology of Catastrophic Plate Tectonics
John K. Reed and Carl R. Froede, Jr.
La Brea Tar Pits: A Critique of Animal Entrapment Theories
New evidence acquired from an ongoing excavation project at Rancho La Brea has led to a major re-evaluation of how the fossils were deposited. The traditional idea that animals were trapped in continuously active, open pools of tar has been discarded, and new theories of entrapment and deposition emerged. Although more realistic in some ways than the old theory, the alternatives suffer from the same inability to provide a defendable, gradualistic explanation. This critique represents a preparatory stage in the development of a theory that discards the principle of animal entrapments and advances the concept of a diluvial process in the formation of the tar pit fossil beds.
Darwins Cousin Sir Francis Galton (18221911) and the Eugenics Movement
A central plank in Nazism, communism, and other totalitarianism movements was eugenics. Eugenics, the science of improving the human race by scientific control of breeding, was viewed by a large percentage of all life scientists, professors, and social reformers for over a century as an important, if not a major means toward producing paradise on Earth. The founder of this new science was Sir Francis Galton, a cousin and close associate of Charles Darwin. Galtons work was crucial in providing the foundation for a movement that culminated in the loss of many millions of lives, and untold suffering for hundreds of millions of people.
SETI and DNA
Walter I. Sivertsen
specific criteria for recognizing intelligence as the source of a coded
signal from outer space have been delineated by Carl Sagan. When those
criteria are applied to the genetic code, one may logically conclude that
there is an intelligent source for the code. To conclude otherwise is
to abandon the criteria that are so vital to the search for extra-terrestrial