Copyright © 2003 by
the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
40, Number 2
Triggered the Flood?
Sometime after the Fall but before
the Flood, God set in motion a chain of physical events that produced
a global Flood. Although we cannot be sure exactly how it began, that
cataclysm had many consequences: layered fossils; coal, oil, and methane
deposits; major mountain ranges; ice ages; and dozens of other global
features. Our challenge is to show how all these are related and are consistent
with the laws of physics and the biblical account. Recognizing that water
was created under the earths crust and understanding the second
creation day clarify the Flood considerably and explain many major issues
that befuddle evolutionists.
The Evaporite Deposits of Saltville, Virginia
Emmett L. Williams
Suggestions by various authors
for the origin of evaporite deposits in the Saltville, Virginia region
are reviewed. Past tectonic activity and its effects on the evaporites
are discussed. The geologic setting of the area is noted, and the mining
and manufacturing history in Smyth and Washington counties in relation
to the evaporite deposits is briefly described. A preliminary young earth-Flood
model for evaporite formation and subsequent tectonism is presented.
The Pre-Fall Mortality of Aquatic Autotrophsand and Other Designated Nephesh
Of three positions regarding the pre-Fall
consumption of lower aquatic creatures, one is seldom taken (and rightfully
so): that these creatures are actually plants. A second position is that
these small creatures indeed experienced pre-Fall death, but that lacking
nephesh life, this death was and is as benign as vegetative death. Thus,
there is an implied creative category between vegetation and
creature. A third view is posited here: that these primary
and secondary creatures indeed possess nephesh life, yet their original
provisionary nature for other creatures consumption is physiologically
evident and biblically allowable. This third view of pre-Fall mortality
can be adopted without supporting the evolutionary idea of death as a
Uniformitarian Stratigraphic Column Shortcut
or Pitfall for Creation Geology?
John K. Reed and Carl R. Froede Jr.
The end of the twentieth century saw
a substantial increase in theories attempting to explain natural history
within a Biblical framework. The proliferation of divergent models has
opened the door to healthy debate, but suggests that more clarity in the
foundational issues of natural history would be beneficial for creationism.
In the arena of stratigraphy, one of these issues is the role of the global
uniformitarian stratigraphic column (hereafter referred to as the
column): is it a springboard to accelerated progress or a quagmire?
If the former, then it allows for the immediate development of mature
Flood models. But we assert the inseparability between the column and
evolution, uniformitarianism, and deep time. Therefore logic demands its
separation from any Flood models. This caution is reinforced by the careless
use of the column in some creationist models. Alternative approaches to
defining stratigraphy within the Christian Worldview are needed and that
work is underway.
Soil Formation and the Question of Time
Peter Klevberg and Richard Bandy
Many believe that most soils require
great periods of time to form. This argument has been used in an attempt
to refute the Bibles claims for a global flood only a few thousand
years ago. In addition to arguments based on formation of extant soils,
many geologists or paleopedologists see evidence of multiple fossil soil
horizons or paleosols in the geologic record. Few, if any, of these researchers
have examined carefully the assumptions behind their arguments. As described
in Part I of this paper, pedogenesis is a complex phenomenon affected
by several environmental factors. In Part II of this paper, we describe
predictions of traditional and diluvial approaches to natural history
and compare these predictions with constraints resulting from analysis
of soil-forming mechanism rates. The results indicate that data from soil
science are not only compatible with a diluvial view of earth history,
but are actually more easily accommodated by it than by the traditional
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