For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them...
      
 
 
 

Copyright 2004 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.

Volume 41, Number 2
September, 2004
Abstracts


Dinosaur Nests Reinterpreted

Evidence of Eggs Being Laid Directly into Rising Water under Conditions of Stress

Walter R. Barnhart

Supposed nests of dinosaur eggs are examined for indications that they were laid under normal subaerial conditions. It is shown that when representative clutches of eggs are examined from numerous sites worldwide, they were all laid into a watery environment in which sedimentation was often actively taking place. This leads to the conclusion that dinosaur nests, as they are presently found, cannot represent normal living environments for the dinosaurs and instead show life existed at the survival level under highly stressed conditions. These conditions are consistent with egg laying taking place during a worldwide flood.

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Evolutionary Explanations for Anomalous Radiocarbon in Coal?

Russell B. Rotta

The simplest explanation for radiocarbon presence in coal is that it was there when the coal formed. Radiocarbon dates of coal are typically 40,000 years, which obviously conflict with typical carboniferous coal geological ages of 300 million years. The viability of various evolutionary motivated explanations for the anomalous radiocarbon ages are considered, and the effects are demonstrated to be several orders of magnitude too small to account for the observed radiocarbon concentrations. The only reasonable explanation is the radiocarbon was incorporated at the time of formation, the geological ages are fictitious and the methodology of the 170 year-old Lyellian geological column is flawed.

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Consciousness: The King of Evolutionary Problems

Bert Thompson and Brad Harrub

Separate and apart from the brain and mind is human consciousness. Humans are unique in that we are self-aware, and can build on our own logic and understanding. In his book, The Masterpiece of Nature: The Evolution of Genetics and Sexuality, Graham Bell described the origin of sex in the following manner: “Sex is the queen of problems in evolutionary biology” (1982, p. 19). If sex is the “queen” of problems in evolutionary biology, then the evolution of consciousness surely must rank as the “king” of such problems. This paper aims to define human consciousness, and explore various possibilities for its origin. It also examines materialism in light of human consciousness. If materialistic science can explain the origin of the Universe and the origin of man, then surely it must similarly be able to explain the origin of consciousness. The fact is, however, human consciousness cannot be explained merely by mechanistic neuronal firings within the brain.

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The Origin of Consciousness

Bert Thompson and Brad Harrub

The existence of human consciousness has received a great deal of attention within the scientific community. There are some who deny its existence altogether. There are those who believe it is nothing more than the result of physical properties within the brain. And there are some who contend it exists separate and apart from the brain. Many of these theories have been shaped by the desire of evolutionists to explain human consciousness via a purely materialistic/mechanistic bent. In this paper, we provide a historical background to the conflict, and examine the two broad categories—monism and dualism—that are used in an attempt to explain human consciousness. We also discuss many of their subcategories, to see how each fares in light of the available facts. Increasingly, experimental data document the fact that human consciousness is separate and distinct from the mere physical matter of the brain. This understanding indicates that there is, then, a non-material aspect of human beings that must be accounted for.

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The Geology of the Oklahoma Basement

John K. Reed

The basement in Oklahoma consists of igneous rocks, mostly granitic, whose surface is a profound erosional discontinuity overlain by marine sediments. Basement deforming tectonism was active in the southern part of the state forming the Southern Oklahoma Aulacogen, which is commonly interpreted as a Cambrian rift. This feature contains thick sequences of bimodal igneous rocks with unusual sheet granites. The lithologic and erosional discontinuities that mark the transition from the igneous crust to overlying Paleozoic marine sediments probably represents the pre-Flood boundary, and the tectonism of the Southern Oklahoma Aulacogen may reject activity at the onset of the Flood in the southern midcontinent.

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