A Review of Stellar Remnants:
Physics, Evolution, and Interpretation
Danny R. Faulkner
Astronomers think that stars end their existence as one of three possible
stellar remnants. In recent decades, astronomers have amassed a tremendous
amount of observational data and theoretical models to support an evolutionary
interpretation of stellar remnants. We survey this topic and discuss
possible creationary responses to it.
Deep Wells—Deep Time?
John R. Doughty
Radiocarbon is found throughout the geological record.
The confirmation of this hypothesis in the cases investigated in this
paper strengthens the young earth creationist paradigm. This research
builds upon carbon isotope analyses done on diamonds, coal, carbon dioxide
gas wells and coal bed methane (CBM) gas wells where significant amounts
of radiocarbon were found, and extends it to the analysis of deep natural
gas wells. The resulting radiocarbon data, given as percent of modern
carbon (pMC), provide a strong indication that both the carbon dioxide
(0.58 pMC) and methane (0.32 pMC) gases found in the Ordovician strata
of two Valverde Basin natural gas fields are thousands, not hundreds
of millions years old.
Investigation of Several Alleged Paleosols
in the Northern Rocky Mountains
Part II: Additional Data and Analysis
Peter Klevberg, Richard Bandy, Michael J. Oard
Paleosols, “fossil soils,” have been reported
at several locations east of the Rocky Mountains in northern Montana,
U.S.A., and southern Alberta, Canada. These alleged paleosols have been
correlated between erosional remnants corresponding to the Flaxville
Plain, an extensive surficial planar erosion surface. Based on correlation
to magnetic reversals, a chronology of 2.6 million years has been published,
supporting a uniformitarian paleogeographic and paleoclimatologic reconstruction
that includes multiple glaciations. Fieldwork conducted at each of the
alleged paleosol sites and laboratory analyses of selected samples of
earth materials indicate that the paleosol interpretation is based on
many questionable assumptions. Data are more readily interpreted from
a diluvial perspective. Results of this investigation also indicate
that pedostratigraphic and magnetostratigraphic “data” from
other sites may need to be viewed with suspicion.
Lava Extrusion and the Age of Iceland
The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is both a salient feature in the
earth’s crust and a centerpiece for plate tectonics. It emerges
from the sea in Iceland, a land famous for its active volcanism. Field
and published data are integrated to better quantify lava extrusion
rates and apply these results to natural history scenarios, including
the uniformitarian and diluvial geologic paradigms. Also relevant are
tectonic models, particularly the standard plate-tectonics model and
its diluvial counterpart, catastrophic plate tectonics. Iceland provides
a unique opportunity to compare diluvial predictions with those of common
uniformitarian origin theories. Both field and published data are better
explained by the diluvial geologic paradigm than by traditional theories.
Both plate-tectonics models can be applied to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
in general and to Iceland in particular; however, a number of problems
remain, and plate tectonics cannot change the chronological implications
of the structure of the Icelandic lava pile.