38, Number 2
Scanning Electron Microscope Study of Mummified Collagen
in Fossil Tyrannosaurus rex Bone
A specimen of hip bone from a Tyrannosaurus rex, excavated from a ranch in Wyoming over 100 years ago, and thought to be 65 million years old is shown, by scanning electron microscopy, to have intact, mummified microscopic collagen fibers and other ultrastructural features within compact bone. Bone Haversian canals as well as lacunae and canaliculi are well preserved. Networks of collagen fibers remain intact within lacunae and what may be mummified osteocytes are shown to be present. Twenty-year-old, similarly fractured natural human hip bone shows comparable patterns of canals, collagen networks and cells, including crenated erythrocytes. Hip bone from Moab man, human remains collected from Utah and thought to be less than 200 years old, contains no such soft tissue features within compact bone. Moab man specimens appear cleanly stripped of soft tissues and harbor burrowing insect remains. These data call into question the long ages ascribed to these dinosaur fossils and support their rapid preservation in the absence of decomposers. The high level of ultrastructural preservation also implies that these dinosaur bones are simply not very old.
Homosexuality, Disease, and Creationism
The propriety of homosexual behavior has been a topic of much discussion for several decades. At the bottom of the controversy in the religious community is the condemnation of homosexual behavior by the Scriptures. I conclude that one major reason why the Scriptures condemn homosexual behavior is its detrimental health effects. A review of the medical literature (focusing on males) finds that homosexual behavior has a clear detrimental effect on health, causing numerous serious (and often lethal) diseases. As a result, the average person of either sex who is involved in a lifelong homosexual lifestyle can expect to live only into the middle 40s.
The Spontaneous Generation Hypothesis
David P. Woetzel
As our knowledge of lifes microscopic secrets continues to advance it is instructive to reflect upon the history of the spontaneous generation hypothesis to contemplate whether scientific advancements are indeed progressing as an anti-creationist predicted nearly two decades ago:
If I have made my point, the next time you hear creationists talking
about the impossibility of making a particular protein,
you can smile wryly and know that they are nowhere near a consideration
of the real issues.
Given the rapid rate of progress in our understanding
of molecular biology, I have no doubt that satisfactory explanations
of the problem posed here soon will be forthcoming. (Doolittle, 1983,
Vertical Tectonics and the Drainage of Floodwater
A Model for The Middle and Late Diluvian PeriodPart II
Michael J. Oard
A continued explanation of a model is presented for the erosional effects
in the mid and late Flood due to vertical tectonics of the crust coupled
with Flood water movement. The sediments eroded during the sheet erosion
phase would be deposited as sheets along the edge of the continents
forming the continental margin. As the Flood flow became more channelized
during the Dispersive Phase, canyons and valleys would be rapidly eroded.
Water and wind gaps, as well as pedimentsall mysterious within
the uniformitarian paradigmwould form rapidly on land. Submarine
canyons would quickly be cut on the continental shelves and slopes.
The model has significant implications for other models and concepts
concerning the Flood.