Volume 10, Number 3
NITROGEN FIXATION AND ENCYSTMENT CREATED BACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS
GERALD D. CAGLE
Life in most ecosystems depends upon continual circulation of nutrient chemical from the earth to the biosphere, termed the "biogeochemical cycles." One of these cyclic element processes, the nitrogen cycle, is examined in relation to one bacterium, Azotobacter, which is capable of initiating the primary reactions of this cycle, namely the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia. These bacteria, which are also capable of forming protective structures, termed cysts, are discussed in relation to their part of the perfect plan of God as revealed in life. The author also refers to the even more resistant forms produced by other independent, or non-symbiotic nitrogen fixers, of the genus Clostridium, and concludes that the resting cells which these bacteria have are a created advantage which is necessary for the perpetuation of the nitrogen cycle and life which is a result of it, and of the other cyclic processes.
A QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LIFE SPANS OF THE GENESIS PATRIARCHS
JAMES E. SNUCKLING
Data from two sources (the Septuagint and Masoretic Texts) are used to generate exponential functions for expressing the post-Deluge life spans of the Genesis Patriarchs. When the functions are extended into a period of time less questionable than that of the Patriarchs and used to calculate dates and time spans in that period, two of those based on the Septuagint show reasonable agreement with known values. These functions are then used to establish a correction factor for the Carbon 14 dating process.
ENTROPY PRIOR TO THE FALL
ROBERT E. KOFAHL
The assumption that the second law of thermodynamics was not in effect in the physical universe until after the Fall and imposition of the curse leads to many difficulties. Processes essential to life in the natural order, as well as thermodynamic order and predictability in all of nature are dependent upon the relationships involved in the second law. Scriptural data may be used to deduce that prior to the Fall the state of nature was one of natural, not supernatural order, though the living creatures and ecological systems were in a state of physical perfection. It is therefore postulated that conditions described by the second law came into existence after Creation and prior to the Fall, that the disruptive and degenerative effects of random processes upon living systems were divinely constrained, and that the removal of this constraint constituted one aspect of the curse.
NATURAL THEOLOGY IS A SCIENTIFIC SUBJECT
HOWARD BYINGTON HOLROYD
In recapitulation of the argument, natural theology should now be called 'scientific theology," and recognized as a branch of science through the great authority of Sir Isaac Newton. This science was started by Anaxagoras, who was the first physicist, and it has been developed almost entirely by scientists, for those who are not scientists cannot work effectively on the subject. In scientific theology factual evidence is used in a way which is neglected in the other branches of science, and thus important conclusions are reached which cannot be reached by other methods. Scientific theology is based upon the philosophy of dualism, that the universe is mind and matter, and this is accepted by both physical scientists and Christians. Scientific theology is not religion, but the strong bedrock upon which the structure of religion is erected. If scientific theology is taught effectively in our schools and institutions of higher education, atheism will disappear. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and godhead; so that they are without excuse. -Romans 1:20
EVOLUTION AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
(A Review of Some Recent French Publications Concerning Transformism in Relation to Biological Discoveries)
In this article the author comments on some of the latest French publications concerning the evolution theory and interactions with molecular biology. Georges Salet's important work, Hasard et Certitude is stressed as a challenge to Hasard et Necessite written by the Nobel Prize laureate Jacque Monod. Georges Salet analyzes the problem of transformism from a mathematical viewpoint in light of studies made by Borel. Salet proves that the formation of new organs and/or new functions by a mere game of chance in living beings is mathematically impossible. The evolution theory cannot be supported from a scientific point of view, but is based on an atheistic prejudices. It should be obvious to everyone not influenced by artificial philosophies or atheistic prejudices, that the complex and wonderful structures of living beings could not have been the result of a game of chance. A watch or any machinery is built in view of a plan by an intelligent watchmaker or engineer who has prepared and made it. It is also evident that animals and plants are much more complicated and better adjusted than any machine ever built by man. It is paradoxical to think that plant and animal parts and functions, which are so exact and complicated, could be simple products of chance combination of some of the materials of the universe.