Copyright © 1978,
1999 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
Volume 15, Number 1
Accurate Predictions Can Be Made On The Basis Of Biblical Creation Concepts
Walter E. Lammerts, Ph.D.
Creationists have predicted,
on the basis of Biblical information, that no living things would be
found on Mars. Another prediction is that the world would be seen to
be still drying out after the Flood. It is pointed out that both of
those predictions have been fulfilled.
Rapid Stalactite Formation
Eric B. Cannell, B.Sc.
Creationists have predicted
that it would be found that dripstones, stalactites and stalagmites,
can form very quickly under some conditions. Moreover, they have been
able to find some instances in which such rapid growth is actually happening.
Here another piece of evidence
is presented. Stalactites have been found growing rapidly in a cave-like
environment. Some suggestions are made about circumstances which may
have influenced the rate of growth.
Creation, Evolution, And
James E. Strickling
Twenty or so years ago,
a discerning Creationist - or another - person might have predicted
that interest in former catastrophies would increase greatly. And that
is what has happened. But the matter has come to be viewed in several
different ways. Creationists know that there was one great catastrophe:
the Flood. There are secular catastrophists, of whom Velikovsky is surely
the best known. And many uniformitarians are admitting that the uniformity
may have been punctuated by an occasional catastrophe.
In this article the implications
of, and relation between, these three points of view are investigated.
Creationist Predictions Involving
Don B. DeYoung, Ph.D.
Radiocarbon dating was introduced
in 1946 by W. F. Libby, who was recognized with a Nobel Chemistry Prize
fourteen years later (1960). From the beginning, many variables which
should be considered in using the technique were recognized, several
by Libby and his co-workers.
- Cosmic ray flux through
- C-14 concentration in the ocean and atmosphere
- C-14 decay half-life
- Migration of carbon atoms into or out of earth materials
- Local variation in carbon isotope concentrations, called fractionation
These variables will be discussed briefly from the viewpoint of creationist
contributions to the subject.
Radiocarbon Calibration -
David J. Tyler
The radiocarbon dating method
has been claimed to provide considerable support for evolutionary theories
of the past which conflict with the Biblical record of the Earth's early
history. This paper seeks to answer the question: how can the radiocarbon
activity measurements be understood in a way that is consistent with
the Biblical framework of history? The evidences for the non-equilibrium
theory of radiocarbon variations are discussed and are shown to give
the theory a sound theoretical foundation. The prediction that atmospheric
C-14 activities have increased with time has been tested by studying
the results obtained from known-age samples. Consistency between theory
and observation is found for the period of the last 2600 years, but
not before this. It follows that either the non-equilibrium model is
wrong, or that the chronologies of Ancient Egypt and of the tree-ring
sequences are in need of major revision. Evidences from Biblical archaeology
which strongly suggest the need of a revision are briefly discussed.
Using a revised chronological scheme, the C-14 activities of the archaeological
samples have been recalculated, and it is found that the results are
consistent wit the non-equilibrium prediction. Consequently, the theory
is self-consistent, and this promotes confidence in the general approach.
The form of a creationistic calibration curve for C-14 dates is suggested,
so that use may be made of the dating system when re-evaluating the
facts relevant to prehistory.
The Canopy And Ancient Longevity
Joseph C. Dillow, Th.D.
It is commonly held that
the pre-flood vapor canopy shielded the earth form cosmic radiation
and also reduced surface ozone levels. These effects supposedly contributed
to the longevity of the antediluvian patriarchs. However, radiation
studies and research in molecular biology seems to rule this out. Even
if the earth were 100 percent shielded from radiation and if ozone levels
in the pre-flood world were zero, no appreciable improvement would have
resulted. Studies in molecular biology, however, do suggest that possibly
certain specific enzymes may have been present prior to the flood and
absent afterward, their disappearance resulting in the reduction of
longevity noted in the exponential decay curve of lifetimes in Genesis
11. Also, increased atmospheric pressure under such a canopy would conceivably
have had a minor effect on longevity and also on gigantism.
A Creationists' Taxonomy
Hilbert R. Siegler
The amount of data uncovered
by creationists in recent years warrants application of such information
in various branches of science, of which one is in the field of plant
and animal taxonomy. This branch of science is currently totally evolution-oriented,
as is seen particularly in the determination of species, since the evolutionist
considers each species the newly evolved kind. Nevertheless, there is
no overall consensus as to what constitutes a species. This article
lists a number of instances in which taxonomists ignore their own definition
A creationist's approach
to taxonomy is proposed, by establishing a category which would encompass
all variants of each created "kind". This category should
be called baramin, its position in the classification system varying
for each species. All organisms would be placed in a particular baramin,
its position in the classification system varying for each species.
All organisms would be placed in a particular baramin category whose
eggs and sperm, when brought together, can produce true fertilization,
thus making this the one truly biological category. Morphologically
similar organisms could also be tentatively placed in the same category
pending further studies.
The Law Of Cause: An Examination
Of The Need For Causal Factors
Jerry Bergman, Ph.D.
Everyone believes that for
every contingent being or event, i.e., one which might have been otherwise,
there must be a cause. Philosophers have sometimes called this the principle
of sufficient reason, or universal causality. The world around us is
clearly contingent, hence one may look for a cause for it. Creationists
see God as the Cause; and many natural theologians, such as Paley, have
considered this fact so certain that they have gone on to deduce things
about God's nature from the Creation.
The evolutionary dogma,
on the other hand, is really a denial of any sufficient reason.
It is pointed out also that
many, not only among the people in general, but also among students
and faculty at universities, are disillusioned with evolution. The opportunity
for Creationism is apparent.
Creationist Science: A Challenge
From Professor Young
Charles A. Clough, Th.M.
and Louis E. Fredricks, B.S.
The recent book, Creation
and Flood, by Dr. Davis A. Young, may be considered an example of
a position which many have adopted: that of trying to have Christianity
and science each autonomous in its own realm. However, such an attempt,
when examined closely, shows many weaknesses in respect to both theology
and science. Some aspects of the matter are discussed here.
It will be understood that
this article is not intended as an attack on Dr. Young, nor on his book.
Rather, it is a critical investigation of a notion which has been around
for some time, but of which Young's book is one of the latest expositions.
Assumptions And Human Nature
William J. Tinkle, Ph.D.
In scientific work, even
as in everyday life, one proceeds on the basis, not only of established
facts, but also of unproven assumptions. This is inevitable, and by
no means blameworthy. What is blameworthy is to refuse occasionally
to examine the assumptions, or worse still to try to prevent those who
would examine them from getting a hearing. The evolutionary dogma, in
particular, depends on many unproven assumptions; and thee has been
too often been a reluctance on the part of those who propound the view
to examine the underlying assumptions critically.
Against Catastrophic Rationalism:
Gravitational Attitude Deflections Of The Earth's Axis
James N. Hanson
The postulated very large
angular deflections of the earth's axis due to gravitational encounters,
say with Venus or Mars, as espoused by many rationalistic catastrophism,
most eminently by Velikovsky, are analyzed and found wanting. Useful
analytic expressions are derived and are also applied against the alleged
accuracy of astronomical dating and Copernicanism. Large Angular deflections
seem to be possible only if a large body were to be captured for a considerable
period of time.
It will be understood that
this article is concerned only with possible changes in the direction
of the earth's axis. Possible changes in the orbit, as some catastrophists
have proposed for the earth or for other bodies, are not investigated
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