Copyright © 1979,
1999 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
Volume 16, Number 1
Surtsey: A Micro-Laboratory For Flood Geology
Marvin L. Lubenow, M.S.,
The contemporary Evangelical
debate over "Flood Geology" centers upon the legitimacy of
extrapolating present-day rates of geologic processes into the past,
and using this extrapolation to challenge the possibility of a significant
portion of the earth's sediments and fossils being the result of the
Noahic Flood of Genesis 7-9. The problem is complicated by the impossibility
of repeatable experiments or present-day observations on a flood that
is thought to be a singularity, of world-wide extent, and of over one
year in duration.
The birth, in 1963, of the
volcanic island, Surtsey, off the coast of Iceland, may cast some light
on the problem. Since Surtsey's birth was both unique and spectacular,
most works on geology make mention of it. Only two Icelandic scientists
write about what may be the most significant geological factor of all
- the development of a mature landscape in days or weeks on Surtsey
that would normally take thousands of years elsewhere. Since the two
geologic forces operating on Surtsey - volcanism and marine action -
are also two of the forces thought to be in operation during the Noahic
Flood, Surtsey may be as close as one can come in the natural world
to a micro-laboratory for "Flood Geology."
Mark W. Tippetts, M.S.
Current geological facts
and theory support the concept of plate tectonics - continental drift
and sea floor spreading. A short time span for such drift is shown to
be reasonable being supported by rapid rates of sedimentation and fossil
formation. Further, there is no viable theory for magnetic reversals
of the Earth's magnetic field. Plate tectonics may be used, in part,
to explain the distribution of flora and fauna as well as some ethnic
groups on Earth.
The Dispersion >From The
Homestead Of The Race Of Man
John E. Schmich
In this article the archaeological
dates ascribed to ancient settlements in the country around Ararat are
used with data from the Bible to establish something about the migration
and dispersion of mankind from that vicinity, in which the human race
got its second start, after the Flood.
Controversy About Ice Ages
Douglas E. Cox
The concept of a glacial
period after the flood, which has been proposed by several creationists
is examined in this article. The slowness of glacial erosion, and the
scale of the effects which have been attributed to ice erosion, such
as the rock basins of the Great Lakes, are not favorable to the idea
of a short glacial period. The erosional effects of the currents of
the flood waters can account for much of the work which has been attributed
to ice erosion, and the drift can be explained by rock disintegration
in place. Thus there is no need for a glacial period in creationist
A Rapid Post-Flood Ice Age
Michael J. Oard, M.S.
A mechanism for a post-flood
rapid ice age of about 500 years is presented. It depends upon cooling
over mid and high latitude continents by volcanic dust trapped in the
atmosphere and by a widespread snow and ice cover. These strong cooling
effects are balanced by a strong warming mechanism over mid and high
latitude oceans. It also depends upon extra moisture provided by strong
evaporation from a universally warm ocean. The resulting accumulation
of ice at maximum glaciation is approximately 30% of that postulated
by uniformitarian scientists. The present distribution of ice on Greenland
and Antarctica is shown to be quite possible from a rapid ice age and
the present climate in the time frame allowed by the Bible. As soon
as the warm ocean cooled to near its present average, the present climate
would begin to set in causing fairly rapid melting of all the Northern
Hemisphere ice sheets except Greenland.
Biogeography >From A Creationist
Perspective I: Taxonomy, Geography, And Plate Tectonics In Relation
To Created Kinds Of Angiosperms
George F. Howe
in the past have been based solely on the evolutionary model. One of
these evolution theories is discussed (the Theory of Generic Cycles).
The data of classification and distribution (as published by Ronald
Good) for families, genera, and species of angiosperms are reinterpreted
here from the creationist perspective. The average family is judged
too large and diverse to represent a created kind. But since the typical
angiosperm genus is narrow and coherent, this category may regularly
represent the monophyletic product of a created kind. Certain problems
of plant disjunction are neatly solved under the assumption that there
has been a breakup of one original land mass in conjunction with the
Noah And The Flood: The Apocryphal
Marcus Von Wellnitz
Noah and the Flood are mentioned
in many apocryphal books and traditions: and in this article some of
the statements are collected. It is not maintained, of course that apocryphal
works are inspired, as Scripture is. But they may well contain valid
traditions. For instance, the tradition, mentioned here, that it was
very cold in the Ark, may provide a clue to the connection, so much
debated by Creationists between the Flood and the ice age. At the least
these excerpts may be of interest in showing what devout men were thinking
about these matters a long time ago.
Megaliths And Neolithic Man
David J. Tyler
European Neolithic societies
have traditionally viewed as homogeneous, barbaric, farming communities
organized as regionalized chiefdoms. Their visible remains are principally
their graves, which were often built using large blocks of stone. In
France and Britain, some more unusual stone structures are to be found.
This article focuses attention on the peoples of Neolithic Britain,
looking particularly at their cultural achievements and social structure.
Evidences of an advanced culture are found, in sharp contrast to conventional
views. Evolutionary theories of man's cultural development are shown
to be totally inadequate and an alternative explanation of the characteristics
of European Neolithic societies, based on the Biblical framework of
history, is discussed.
A Unit On Biological Origins
For The Secular Classroom
David Paul Licata, B.S.
Christian teachers of science
often face a dilemma when confronted with the necessity of teaching
evolution. This article relates the solution found by one teacher in
a secular high school. The goal of the course is to present an objective
discussion of both evolution and Creation. The core of the unit is a
data table which clearly compares the world-views of Creation and evolution.
A Proposal For The Comparison
Of Evaporite Formation Models Within A Creationist Framework
J. R. Strate and John
The existence of evaporite
deposits is one of the many unsatisfactorily explained phenomena in
earth science. This discussion reviews various models of evaporite formation
and their anomalies. Also, the authors propose a means of testing the
uniformitarian assumption often associated with evaporite formation
models. This is of interest to creationists in that uniformitarianism
models require more time for evaporite formation than is allowed by
The Mature Creation: More
Than A Possibility
G. Russell Akridge, Ph.D.
The electromagnetic fields
surrounding a point charge conserve energy, preserve an orderly universe,
and satisfy the mass-energy equivalence of relativity if the universe
is created mature. As a part of this mature electromagnetic field, light
from the distant stars was created enroute from the star to the earth.
A new interpretation is presented herein for discontinuities in the
electric field relating to charge creation.
Music: Evolution Or Creation
We all know that the theory
of evolution has influenced not only every part of science but also
every aspect of life, and all branches of art!
In musicology as a study,
and music as an art, a threefold influence can be seen. The first has
to do with theories about the origin of music and musical instruments,
the second with the criticism of music, and the third with contemporary
composition and playing of music.
Of Sweat And Mammary Glands
David A. Kaufmann, Ph.D.
Sweat glands, and mammary
glands, which are modified sweat glands, are unique structures peculiar
to mammals. The evolution model of origins predicts that there will
be an upward, irreversible development of both sweat glands and mammary
glands as one goes up the ladder of mammalian development. Observations
reveal, however, that there is an up-and-down variation of complexity
of sweat glands among the orders of mammalia. Gaps are evident, as sweat
glands are absent in two orders, Proboscidea and Rodentia. With regard
to mammary glands, there is not a smooth downward loss of teat number
among orders of mammals as sheep, horse and elephant all have a single
pair of teats just as man. These data correlate nicely with the prediction
of the creation model: that the Creator did not follow the mode of evolutionary
development but rather made different provisions of sweat glands and
mammary glands in different animals of the class, mammalia, in order
to serve His specific purposes.
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