Volume 18, Number 1
DESIGN IN NATURE: THE FIERY SKIPPER BUTTERFLY HYLEPHILA PHYLEUS (DRURY) AS AN EFFICIENT FEEDER ON FLOWERS OF LANTANA CAMARA L.
J0SEPH M. REA
The Fiery Skipper butterfly Hylephila phyleus Drury forages efficiently on flowers of Lantana camara L. Hylephila phyleus feeds preferentially from florets of L. camara likely to contain nectar. While foraging on a small artificial patch of flowers of L. camara. H. phyleus chooses the closest flowers 80 % of the time. Analysis of foraging bouts on the artificial patch of 3 flower visits in sequence revealed a frequency of revisitation lower than that expected from a random foraging model. This small butterfly demonstrates a neurological program, endowed at the creation, for efficient foraging.
THE EPISTEME IS THE THEORY
The real purpose of evolution theory is not the scientific one of explaining the origin of life; for it is impossible to do that, utilizing only natural laws and phenomena. Rather, the theory is dedicated to a philosophical goal: to "ungod the universe". The tool by which that is to be accomplished is what is known as the positive science episteme.
PRE-MAIN-SEQUENCE STELLAR MODEL APPLIED TO CLOSE BINARY STAR SYSTEMS
JON K. WEST
The study of the stars would be very difficult if there were no binary systems. We can be glad that the Lord provided over half of the stars in our part of the universe as binary or multiple star systems. By studying the motion of binary stars, much can be learned about the stars considered individually.
"PUNCTUATED EQUILIBRIUM" AND THE MACRO-MICROMUTATION CONTROVERSY
A. JAMES MELNICK
Evolutionists seem to be coming more and more to admit that what was, until recently, the standard evolutionary dogma, gradual evolution through micromutations, is supported by neither the fossil record nor common sense. So the notion of saltational evolution, through macromutations and hopeful monsters, is being heard more and more. But that dogma has its own difficulties-nay, impossibilities. It behooves Creationists to be aware of these developments. For from the controversy they can glean arguments against both kinds of evolution, and hence, by elimination, in favor of special Creation.
THE SUN'S LUMINOSITY AND AGE
Two recent papers in the June 1980 issue of this journal by Hinderliter and Steidl provided excellent documentation on solar shrinking and the lack of solar neutrinos; and their combined testimony is against evolutionary astronomy and for creationist astronomy. This paper adds some additional information on current research and on the history of investigation into the sun's luminosity and age. The Helmholtz contraction theory, the meteoric bombardment theory, and the solar incandescence as the source of sun's luminosity are revisited. It is found that all, except possibly meteors, may individually provide for the observed luminosity. Particularly, it is argued that if the sun was created 6000 years ago as an incandescent body at about 6000 degrees Kelvin there would have been imperceptible dimunition in its temperature to the present.
TIME AND ANCIENT RECORDS
DAVID C. C. WATSON
It is shown that not only Scripture, but also the works of the pagan writers Of antiquity, points to a young world, which originated no more than a few thousand years B.C. Many quotations are adduced to show this point. Also, the ancients believed, not in random evolution by chance, but for the most part in fixity of the kinds, and in practically all cases that the world about us is to be seen as a result of intelligent design.
SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS CONFIRM THE DECLINE OF THE EARTH'S MAGNETIC FIELD
THOMAS G. BARNES
Measurements by the NASA's Magsat satellite, between October 1979 and June 1980, corroborate the conclusion which had already been reached: that the Earth's magnetic field is decreasing-not oscillating, but decreasing monotonically and exponentially. In this article the evidence for a young Earth which such a decay provides is considered; also the question, what will happen if the present decay continues.
CREATIONISM AND CONTINENTAL DRIFT
G. ROBERT MORTON
Calculations of the energy needed for continental drift as well as the energy dissipated by it show that classical continental drift will notfit into a creationist framework. If it is believed that the continents were at one time joined, then either God separated them in a manner in which the laws of nature were not involved or the earth expanded in such a way that the viscous forces were not involved.
THE ESSENTIAL NONEXISTENCE OF THE EVOLUTIONARY-UNIFORMITARIAN GEOLOGIC COLUMN: A QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT
This article is a systematic and quantitative demonstration of global distributional tendencies of the evolutionary-uniformitarian geologic column. Maps have been drawn to show the worldwide distributions of all ten geologic periods on all seven continents, and such maps have also been drafted to show complete segments of the geologic column in place. Calculations have been performed to measure successional tendencies of geologic periods over the earth. For example, it has been found that two-thirds of the earth's land surface has 5 or fewer of the 10 geologic periods in place, and only 15-20% of the earth's land surface has even 3 geologic periods appearing in "correct" consecutive order. These and similar findings have been briefly related to the Creationist-Diluvialist paradigm.
POPGEN 1: COMPUTER SIMULATION OF POPULATION GENETICS
LANE P. LESTER
The availability of relatively inexpensive computers has given many people access to the devices in schools, businesses, and even homes. Creationists will be able increasingly to test aspects of both the evolution and Creation models through the use of these "smart machines". This paper describes the use of a program to simulate a population of organisms in which the processes of reproduction, mutation, and natural selection are operating.