Copyright © 1983,
2000 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
Volume 20, Number 2
STUDYING THE HUMAN BRAIN
KEVIN C. McLEOD
This study looks into the question, "why" the human brain
is so large and complex. In the course of the investigation, the role
of language in the fossil record is examined. The conclusion: that man
and his brain are unique creations, will, it is hoped, encourage more
insight into this most challenging area.
A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE GENESIS LIFE-SPANS
WILLIAM L. SEAVER
An extensive statistical analysis of the life-spans of the patriarchs,
as given in Genesis Chapters 5 and 11, shows that statistically the
life-span can be considered constant before the Flood, while after the
Flood the data can be fitted by an asymptotic exponential decay curve.
Also, it is concluded that as for the life-spans reported in Genesis
Chapter 11, the data in the Masoretic text are the authentic ones; those
in the Septuagint have been tampered with. Moreover, it is statistically
unlikely that there are gaps in the genealogies in Genesis Chapter 11.
WAS THE PRE-FLOOD ANIMAL KINGDOM VEGETARIAN?
Grant R. Lambert
It is commonly assumed that much of the animal kingdom became carnivorous
or at least omnivorous after the Fall, though no mention of such a change
is recorded in Genesis 3. Here, a case is made from the scriptures for
creatures being exclusively vegetarian before the flood.
THE CREATION OF THE EARTH'S MAGNETIC FIELD
D. RUSSELL HUMPHREYS
God could have started the earth's magnetic field in a very simple
way. He could have created the earth's original atoms with some of their
nuclear magnetic moments pointing in the same direction. In one plausible
scenario, this would produce a magnetic field of dipole character about
eighteen times stronger than the earth's present field. The alignment
of nuclei would disappear in a short time, but the field would preserve
itself by inducing an electric current in the earth's interior. The
field strength would gradually diminish due to resistive losses, as
Barnes has calculated. If the field has always decayed at the present
rate, it would take about 6,000 years to reach its present strength.
In other words, the initial value for the field is consistent with the
observed decay rate and the scriptural time scale. It is a striking
confirmation of the Biblical creation account.
SOME IMPLICATIONS OF VARIANT CRANIAL CAPACITIES FOR
THE BEST-PRESERVED AUSTRALOPITHECINE SKULL SPECIMENS
The ten 'best-preserved' specimens of Australopithecine skulls were
considered in this present study, which is a survey of the rise and
fall in their measured/estimated cranial capacities. The discovery of
'pre-Zinj' in 1960 probably triggered the change in trend that is detectable
in the literature only after that date. Discrepancies resulting from
the basis of the same ten best specimens affect both the 'gracile' and
'robust' forms of Australopithecus africanus whose skulls probably demonstrate
sexual dimorphism. Whilst inadvertently establishing the gender of the
Taung child by a mathematical method, the same method suggests that
the specimen (Sts. 5) fits the plot of 'robust' results better than
that of 'gracile.' The revised cranial measurements might well imply
the following: (1) Evolutionary morphometric studies are so variable
as to be unreliable even when based upon the same fossil material. (2)
The revised cranial capacities for australopithecines now lie well within
the range of the great apes and so no more warrant the title of 'Near-men.'
(3) If sexual dimorphism explains the presence/absence of the sagittal
crest used to identify the 'robust' form as belonging to robustus/boisei
species and the 'gracile' form as africanus, then any phylogeny which
separates the latter from the former is invalid as it violates the 'facts
of life' as well as one definition for the term species. (4) Discrepant
results for cranial capacities such as those for Australopithecus africanus
could well explain why phylogenies have recently sought to be established
upon molecular studies instead of upon fossil specimens.
THE AGE OF LUNAR CRATERS
GLENN R. MORTON, HAROLD S. SLUSHER, AND RICHARD E.
The currently accepted uniformitarian views on the origin and age of
lunar features are contradicted by the facts of the rheology of materials.
In view of the nature of the material at the surface of the Moon, the
craters, in particular, could not be older than a few thousand to a
few million years. But the craters are there; hence they must be far
younger than the uniformitarian view would allow.
ARE THE BRISTLE-CONE PINE TREES REALLY SO OLD?
WALTER E. LAMMERTS
Various treatments were given to 8-month-old bristle-cone pine seedlings;
and it was found that supplementing the winter day length with a 250-watt
heat lamp in order to give a total of 16 hours of illumination proved
most effective. The lamp was placed about three feet above the seedlings,
and the temperature in the growth chamber was kept at about 70'F. Those
which received a short (circa 21 days) drought stress period in August
of the third growing season showed up having one more growth ring than
the control seedlings, that is four growth rings instead of three. Also
seedlings which received a two week drought stress period in August
of the fourth growing season showed a similar extra growth ring. The
bearing of this on the estimates of the age of the bristle-cone pine
forest is discussed. Under the San Francisco type of both spring and
fall rainfall with a relatively dry perod in the summer the young forests
on the White Mountains would have grown an extra ring per year quite
often. Accordingly it is believed that the presumed 7100 year age postulated
for these trees by Ferguson would be reduced to about 5600 years, on
the assumption that extra rings would be formed by stress during about
50% of the years between the end of the Flood and about 1200 A.D.
WHAT BIBLE-SCIENTISTS CAN LEARN FROM BIBLE-SCIENCE
This article is a philosophical inquiry into the way in which Bible-science
or creation-science is conducted, and into the status of terms such
as "conceptual framework," "model," and "paradigm,"
which are often used in Bible-science writings. The ways in which Bible-science
differs from other science are considered, and some suggestions are
made which may help writers on Bible-science to improve their clarity.
Also, similarities to, and differences from, some other particular scientific
viewpoints are noted.
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