Copyright © 1987,
2000 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
24, Number 4
Isolation of Shiva Temple
Meyer and George F. Howe
Geographical isolation is
an important constituent of most scenarios of the evolutionary origin
of species. In an earlier study, Anthony (1937) compared mammals
of Shiva Temple with those of the North Rim of the Grand Canyon, and
concluded that isolation on Shiva was incomplete since the two populations
demonstrated no significant differences. We attempt here to assess
the degree of biological isolation between Shiva Temple and the nearby
North Rim of the Grand Canyon. Based on limited direct observation
of selected environmental variables, analysis of vegetation, and study
of the known distribution of small mammals, we conclude that for some
small mammals, Shiva Temple is probably biologically isolated from the
North Rim. The implications of these findings are discussed in
terms of the creationist concept of a recent and catastrophic origin
of the Grand Canyon.
Society Studies on Precambrian Pollen, Part III: A Pollen Analysis of
Hakatai Shale and Other Grand Canyon Rocks
Howe Ph.D., Emmet L. Williams Ph. D., George T. Matkzo Ph.D. and Walter
E. Lammerts Ph.D.
Samples of Grand Canyon
formations of Hakatai Shale, Hermit Shale and Supai Formation were collected
using special care to avoid field contamination by atmospheric pollen
grains. These samples were subjected to pollen extraction both
with and without the use of hydrofluoric acid. The pollen extracts
were examined and objects therein photographed under light and scanning
electron microscopes. Pollen grains of Pinus, other gymnosperms,
and angiosperms were recovered from certain Hakatai Shale samples, together
with what appear to be fungal and algal spores.
Slides covered with open drops of water or oil were exposed to the atmosphere
at various laboratories for a total of 400 days. Objects present
on those slides were photographed. Not one of the objects found
on these exposed slides was positively identified as a pollen grain.
It is concluded that pollen-bearing plants existed while the lithification
of Precambrian Hakatai strata occurred - a conclusion which fits with
the young earth catastrophist view of origins but conflicts with uniformitarian
Plants for Creation Research Society Herbarium
Several suggestions are
offered to interested readers who would be willing to collect plants
for the Creation Research Society (CRS) Herbarium. help is solicited
in this important project.
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