© 1991, 2000 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
Volume 27, Number 4
GEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF
ROBERT E. GENTET
In the previous century,
much was written about the finding of Tertiary Man and his artifacts.
This material is little noted or discussed today when Man is viewed
as having an extremely short geological history. It is time to reexamine
the evidence presented by competent scientists and experts of the past
century, without allowing evolutionary bias to interfere.
A NEUROCHEMICAL CREATIONIST
CONCEPT BASED ON IN VITRO STUDIES OF BRAIN mRNAs OF THREE LUMBER VOLE
SPECIES: Clethrionomys glareolus, Clethrionomys frater
and Clethrionomys gapperi
DIMITRIJ A KUZNETSOV
I carried out a complex
comparative neurochemical study of the translation machinery functioning
in the brain cells of three conventionally "phylogenetically related"
species of wild lumber voles (Clethrionomys glareolus, Clethrionomys
frater and Clethrionomys gapperi). I found that the cytoplasm
of vole brain cells contains one or more oligonucleotide (oligoribonucleotide)
factors with molecular weight below 1.0 KD which are capable of the
complete and highly selective inhibition of translation directed by
mRNAs which are species-specific templates isolated from analogical
tissue (brain) of these so-called "closely related" organisms.
This phenomenon was found for the first time using a special cell-free
translation system (CFTS) of very different variants of composition
consisting of the following main components: (1) post-mitochondrial
supernatant (PMS); (2) total cytoplasmic poly(A) + mRNA or a species-specific
poly(A) + mRNA isolated from the PMS by affinity chromatography on columns
with the anti-mRNA1-Fab-(CNBr)-Sepharose, or purified 9S globin or 11S
histone specific mRNAs, respectively, and (3) a few samples of the CFTS
containing the addition of high or low molecular weight cytosolic compounds
isolated from S150 fraction by ultrafiltration in Diaflo UM2 membranes
with an exclusion limit of 1.0 KD. All CFTS components listed were isolated
separately from the brain tissue of each organism studied. A new complex
way for constructing and using the CFTS provided enough evidence to
suggest the existence of one or more special, and as yet uncharacterized,
cytoplasmic oligoribonucleotide factors which efficiently block the
cytoplasmic expression of "evolutionally renovated parts"
of the genome. These factors seem to be powerful enough to suppress
the translation of every mRNA template that is not part of the cell
type containing the cytoplasmic suppressors mentioned. Thus they would
block the translation of any "novel" mRNA molecules that might
have arisen as a result of spontaneous nonlethal gene mutations. This
is a case in which gene expression is blocked at the level of mRNA function
in the cytoplasm. The origins implications of this finding are discussed.
THE EYE: BY CHANCE OR INTELLIGENCE
H. S. HAMILTON
presents some of the obstacles encountered when natural selection, acting
on chance mutations, attempts to account for the origin of the organs
of vision in the almost limitless number of creatures throughout nature
today. Information and intelligence rather than chance were the essential
ingredients in sight manifestation.
POSSIBLE VARIABILITY IN
A REVIEW OF CRSQ WRITINGS
EMMETT L. WILLIAMS
A selected bibliography
and brief discussion of creationist writings on limited variability
in the biological world is presented.
WHAT IS A SPECIES?
A number of examples are
given to show that there is no definition of the term "species"
applicable to resolve questionable cases. Taxonomists disagree among
themselves and change their minds as to what is a species and how many
there are in various genera. As an evidence of evolution, taxonomy has
a problem with gaps similar to the problem in the fossil record. Hereditary
changes within species may represent "natural selection" but
not evolution. Since the term species cannot be adequately defined it
is not proper to say that creationists believe each species was created
IS MORE THAN GENE ACTION
REQUIRED TO ACCOUNT FOR VARIATION?
LESTER J. MCCANN
Embryo cells move about
on their own while fashioning the architecture of the developing embryo.
This demonstrates that the functioning of the cell may not be solely
the result of gene action. The ability of embryo cells to react creatively
to any unchartable impediments bolsters this conclusion. A different
source of directive control of cellular activity needs to be recognized,
one that exceeds the limitations of genes in terms of originative activity.
We find that any aggregative construction requires an intelligence input.
Without it, only chaos and disintegration results. It is therefore appropriate
that we assign an intelligence determinant to the cell. The cell not
only constructs itself, but embryo cells working together construct
the multi-celled organism. Cellular intelligence is defined as the ability
to select, control and direct energy. Cellular intelligence works in
a copartnering arrangement with gene action. With this dual factor paradigm,
in order to get phenotypic changes of sufficient scope to fuel an evolutionary
agenda, two sets of changes must accrue: one genetic and the other intelligence-related.
The chances for phenotypic alterations of a magnitude and specificity
capable of producing organic evolution is thus more difficult to visualize.
Stasis becomes easier to envision, particularly in terms of fundamental
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