A Determination of the Speed of Light in the Seventeenth Century
Eugene F. Chaffin, Ph.D.
A careful computer analysis of data taken primarily by Roemer in the 1670's is performed to determine the speed of light at that date. Data taken personally by the author during 1988-1991 are used as a control, along with data from the Harvard College Observatory taken during 1887-1880. The result is a value for the speed of light in the seventeenth century that was within 0.4% of the modern value.
Varves--The First "Absolute" Chronology
Part II--Varve Correlation and the Post-Glacial Time Scale
Michael J. Oard, M.S..
The varve correlation procedure is described and shown to depend excessively upon poorly constrained variable, to encounter too many difficulties, and to be theoretically unsound. Post-glacial "varves" from the Angermanalven River Valley in Central Sweden pose additional problems. Thus, varve chronology is not scientifically sound.
Error and Worse in the Scientific Literature
Richard D. Lumsden, Ph.D.
When is anything clearly and conclusively demonstrated in science? Most scientists, whether evolutionists or creationists, appreciate that ideas are always being tested, findings evaluated, and that few theories are ever proven, at least to the extent that they become scientific laws. Of late, however, there have been issues of veracity that have gone beyond the traditional academic uncertainties. Some of the current stumbling blocks to science as a search for truth are reviewed. Not all are unique to the purely secular scientific estabishment.
Space Medium Theory of Laser Gyro and Laser Speedometer
Thomas G. Barnes, D.Sc.
The basic equations for the laser gyro and a proposed laser speedometer are derived and the physical principles explained. The laser gyro and laser speedometer are "closed box" instruments for measuring angular velocity and linear velocity respectively. Two of the "invisible" reference frames from which these motions can be measured are identified in space medium theory. This opens new avenues for progress in science and presents a challenge to Einstein's special theory of relativity.
Radiative Equilibrium in an Atmosphere with Large Water Vapor Concentrations
David Rush, M.S., Larry Vardiman, Ph.D.
Equilibrium temperatures are found for several hypothetical atmospheres with large water vapor concentrations (vapor pressure from 50 mb to 1013 mb) at stratospheric levels. Radiative equilibrium is computed using the Air Force radiation algorithm LOWTRAN 7 with no clouds or aerosols. The initial starting condition of an isothermal atmosphere at about -100 degrees C. warms to over +100 degrees C. at the base of the water vapor layer and becomes isothermal to the surface within 1 to 2 years. Temperatures are sufficiently warm to maintain large quantities of water in vapor form but are too hot for the surface to be habitable. The temperature and pressure in the highest levels are such that cirrus clouds will form. These clouds would reflect a large portion of incoming solar radiation, thereby likely altering atmospheric stability and surface temperature.
Some Biological Problems of Natural Selection Theory
Jerry Bergman, Ph.D.
The many difficulties with the natural selection hypothesis are reviewed, including the problem of extrapolating generalizations from limited artificial selection research to megaevolution. Using evolutionary criteria, the hierarchy found is the reverse of that expected by evolution theory: animals lower on the evolutionary scale were found to reproduce in greater numers, and were as a whole more resistant to variations in the environment. Individual survival after birth tends to be mostly the result of chance; in most cases natural selection hypothesis also involves circular reasoning; an extant species survived because it was fit, and must be fit because it obviously has survived. The commonality of overdesign, or the existence of complex mechanisms that do not effect survival, but may add much to the quality of life, also creates a severe problem for the natural selection theory.