© 1994, 2000 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
The History of Life
by Lane P. Lester, Ph.D.
It has often been claimed that the evolution-creation controversy is
a conflict between science and religion. This is given as a primary
reason for keeping the creation alternative out of the science classroom.
But the two powerful ideas of evolution and creation cut across the
academic disciplines of science, religion, philosophy, and history.
Both are developed from the findings of scientists and are appropriate
subjects for science classes. However, both go beyond the capabilities
of science and require a measure of faith from their proponents. Although
there are variations in both the evolutionist and the creationist camps,
the controversy can be simplified to state that either evolution is
true or creation is true. To eliminate one is to confirm the other.
Many writers have concentrated on exposing the fatal weaknesses of the
evolutionist position, thereby showing that creation is the superior
scientific model. But rather than follow this same approach, I would
like to provide a positive statement of the creation alternative and
give you some of the evidence supporting it. I'll frame this in two
somewhat simplified statements, one about the origin of life and one
about the origin of species.
of Saving Wisdom Teeth
Evolutionary theory concludes
that humans evolved from ape-like ancestors, and in the process the
jaw became smaller, leaving less room for the third molars. This conclusion
was a major factor in the common past dental practice to remove relatively
healthy wisdom teeth during adolescence. Recent empirical research has
shown that this practice is unwise and often needless. Third molars
in general should be left alone, and if a problem develops, they should
be treated as any other teeth.
Model of the Universe
The universe is either expanding
or it is not. If it is expanding then the Big Bang may have been the
cause. If it is not expanding then the Big Bang did not occur. In recent
literature, there has been a significant number of objections and problems
concerning the Big Bang. In this work, a non-expanding polytropic model
of the universe is presented that can account for many of the observations
previously attributed to the Big Bang, and some observations that cannot
be explained if the Big Bang did occur.
Valley of Boulders
Holroyd, III, Ph.D.
Large boulders of Dakota
sandstone are strewn completely across a broad valley in Bangs Canyon
in western Colorado. The boulders near the bases of the sandstone cliffs
at the valley sides form talus. The rest of the boulder distribution
may be remnants of a rapid process that carved the valley. Giant boulders
scattered as far away as 800 m from the cliff face seem to provide a
counterexample to other Colorado Plateau cliffs where the talus stops
abruptly near the base. This region has additional geologic features,
such as peneplain erosion of the Precambrian strata; salt, coal, and
uranium deposits; and the large range of aeolian, riverine, lacustrine,
marine, and igneous deposits, which will be of interest for future studies
Midwest Floods and Rapid Canyon Formation
The processes which creationists
postulate may be responsible for rapid canyon formation were vividly
demonstrated during the floods which occurred in the Midwest during
the summer of 1993. Erosion damage to spillways at three sites is described:
Tuttle Creek Lake on the Big Blue River at Manhattan, Kansas; Coralville
Lake on the Iowa River at Coralville/Iowa City, Iowa; and Milford Lake
on the Republican River near Junction City, Kansas. Each location involved
not only the removal of overburden, but also rapid erosion of the underlying
strata. Details of duration, water volume, and water flow rates are
presented and, where possible, these data are compared to those of prehistoric
flood catastrophes. It is shown that extensive erosion in a short period
of time is possible even in relatively well-consolidated and lithified
strata, and that the pattern of erosion sometimes is remarkably similar
to certain features found in the Grand Canyon. Additionally, brief descriptions
of strata and fossils are provided.
of Trace Fossils in Refining Depositional Environments and their Application
to the Creationist Model
Cowart, M.S., and Carl R. Froede, Jr., B.S., P.G.
Trace fossils are evidence
left by animals in the rock record (such as tracks, trails, burrows,
and borings) that can be used by the creationist modeler to: 1) more
accurately interpret depositional environments and 2) more confidently
defend the creationist model. Trace fossils are useful in these regards
because they reflect animal responses to a wide variety of environmental
conditions, such as abundance of nutrients, photic levels, salinity,
temperature, pressure, oxygen levels, and predators, to which lithologic
materials cannot easily respond. Trace fossils are important because:
1) they are found in numerous rocks devoid of body fossils, 2) they
have a narrow facies range, 3) they are almost never transported, and
4) they span most, if not all, of the sedimentary record. By being able
to interpret these "contemporaneous witnesses," the creationist
modeler has another "arrow in the quiver" in the argument
against the concepts of uniformitarianism and geological evolution.
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