Watch Revealed in the Delicate Balance of the Earths Forces
A review of several energy-matter
cycles reveals that the Earth can be compared to a finely tuned watch,
adjusted to the degree that minor mistuning can have critical adverse
repercussions for life here. Paleys watch design argument thus
applies not only to living organisms, but also to the complex entity
called the Earth. We are only beginning to understand the workings of
its complex balance and recycling mechanisms. In this paper I briefly
review a few of the many mechanisms that exist illustrating Earths
of Santa Elena Canyon, Big Bend National Park:Origin Speculations
Williams, Ph.D. and George F.Howe, Ph.D.
The formation of Santa Elena
Canyon located in Big Bend National Park, Trans-Pecos Texas is discussed.
Al speculations are developed within a young-earth Flood model. Two
phases of canyon formation are suggested. One period of extensive erosion
occurred during the time of exiting Flood water and another period of
considerable erosion occurred during a post-Flood warm ice age to form
of Geologic Energy in Interpreting the Stratigraphic Record
Reed, Ph.D., Carl R. Froede, Jr., B.S., P.G., and Chris B. Bennett
A creationist "geologic
column" has a place in Earth history interpretation. None has been
widely accepted and applied, although preliminary constructs have been
proposed. We suggest that a graph of geological energy vs. time, keyed
primarily to events, can form a basis for future correlation and interpretation.
Although creationist field synthesis is limited, recognition of the
role of extrascientific information in Earth history validates the present
graph as constrained by the Bibles historical accounts. Complete
development of this graph awaits extensive field research.
Reason for False Rb-Sr Isochrons
A mathematical answer is
presented for the frequent occurrence of false or "fictitious"
Rb-Sr isochrons. The reason for these inconsistencies is that a simple
linear regression procedure is mathematically invalid if two or more
independent variables influence a single dependent variable. In many
data sets for the "isochron" procedure, there are two independent
variables involved. First, there is the desired radioactive relation
between the amount of the rubidium parent and the strontium daughter.
Second, since the atomic strontium concentration in the samples is a
variable, then the isotopic Sr-87 content of the atom is also a variable.
In such a situation, the "Isochron" regression is mathematically
invalid, so both its slope and intercept are erroneous.
Just a Matter of Time
A. Maiuzzo, M.S.
Many people accept what
they read as the clear message of Genesis: That the Earth was formed
about 10 thousand years ago, on the first day, and that the stars were
formed on the fourth day. This has led to disagreement with others who
see the hugeness of the perceived distances to most stars and their
apparent ages as a compelling argument against this reading. From discussions
in which this writer has participated, the argument seems to be based
on the required travel time of the light arriving from the distant stars
and the estimated ages of stars.
However, there is a solution.
This paper used the Theory of Relativity to illustrate the observed
phenomenon that the measurement of travel time is a function of the
time keeper. Furthermore, this allows for billions-of-years-old stars
that were created after the creation of the few-thousand-year old Earth.
The preceding statement is not self-contradicting. One could take the
viewpoint that time-keeping processes, such as radioactive decay rates,
occurring out in the universe proceeded at a rapid rate as measured
by Earth time. Thus, old Earthers should recognize that the perceived
size and age of the universe is no bar to a young Earth and universe,
at least from the view of Earth time.
of Catastrophic Subaqueous Processes at Goat Mountain, in Big Bend National
Froede, Jr., B.S., P.G.
Today many geologists are
more willing to consider catastrophic physical processes than in the
past. However, these catastrophic events are postulated as having occurred
over the millions of years necessary to validate the uniformitarian
model. One such site where catastrophic physical processes have been
proposed is at Goat Mountain in Big Bend National Park, Texas. This
site has undergone significant volcanic deposition and erosion. All
the volcanic sedimentation is viewed as having occurred rapidly and
subaerially, with the intervening erosion being slow and uniformitarian.
Tentatively, it appears that the evidence from the stratigraphic section
exposed at Goat Mountain fails to support the present uniformitarian
interpretation. Rather it appears to better fit subaqueous emplacement
and subsequent massive erosion within a short timeframe. The author
interprets the Goat Mountain exposure as having formed predominantly
during the Flood (i.e., Middle to Upper Flood Event Timeframe).
for Creationist Studies at the Hanson Ranch, Roxson, Wyoming
Holroyd, III, Ph.D., Michael J. Oard, M.S., and Dennis Petersen, M.A.
The Hanson ranch at Roxson,
Wyoming, has been made available to a limited number of investigators
interested in documenting its deposit of Late Cretaceous dinosaur bones
in the Lance Formation. A preliminary description of the site and some
possible research topics are suggested.
from a Debris Flow at a Forest Fire Site
Holroyd, III, Ph.D.
The previously reported
plant fossils at Dinosaur Ridge, Morrison, Colorado, are a mixture of
broken charcoal pieces and their impressions, silt and sand. Normal
sedimentation processes at a forest fire site indicated that buoyancy
differences should strongly limit the mixing of sand and charcoal. Catastrophic
mud or debris flows were suggested as the appropriate mechanism for
much of the Dinosaur Ridge plant fossil deposit.
The contents of a catastrophic
debris flow from the Storm King Mountain forest fire site at Glenwood
Springs, Colorado, were examined to determine any similarities with
the Dinosaur Ridge site. Charcoal fragments were found mixed throughout
two cores taken from the mud flow component of the deposit. Two cores
from other areas which experienced normal sedimentation conditions showed
no mixing of sand and charcoal. These differing depositional frameworks
are suggested as a basis for distin-guishing between slow and catastrophic