Quantitative Approach to Baraminology With Examples from the Catarrhine
Ashley Robinson and David P. Cavanaugh
methods for identifying holobaramins have yet to be introduced into
the field of baraminology. In this report we examine some quantitative
methods which may be applied to a variety of biological data to empirically
estimate the identity of holobaramins. Organismal relationships are
based on a measure of dissimilarity called baraminic distance. A set
of diagnostic statistics is described that allows the researcher to
assess the completeness, variation, resolving power, and associations
within a data set. Bootstrapped dendrograms are constructed to identify
clusters of organisms, which are subsequently evaluated for phylogenetic
discontinuity by comparing baraminic distance variation, and by correlating
sets of baraminic distances. Using this approach both related monobaraminic
groups and unrelated apobaraminic groups can be identified. The described
methods are illustrated using data from humans and nonhuman primates,
a group assumed by baraminologists to be polybaraminic. We have found
that baraminic distances based on hemoglobin amino acid sequences, 12S-rRNA
sequences, and chromosomal data were largely ineffective for identifying
the Human holobaramin. Baraminic distances based on ecological and morphological
characters, however, were quite reliable for distinguishing humans from
Health and Evolution
is accumulating that food is critically important medicine and that
the wrong diet is the major cause of death in the western world. This
paper reviews the empirical research on nutrition. The conclusion is
that a Biblical diet high in fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts and low
in fat and red meat is critical for good health. Historically, physicians
have tended to downgrade the importance of diet in health, an attitude
which began changing with the discovery that vitamin C could cure scurvy
and vitamin B1 supplements could cure beriberi.
is now seen as so critically important that it is often a major adjunct
in the curing of disease and is recognized as critically important in
the prevention of disease. The high level of compatibility between the
food made by plants and the nutritional needs of humans is discussed
from both the creationistís and evolutionistís standpoint. It is concluded
that the creationistsí explanation, that vegetables with grains and
fruits and nuts were specifically designed for human consumption, fits
the evidence better than the evolutionary assumption.
Geology Sheds Light on Unaweep Canyon Mystery
of West Central Colorado provides challenges for historical geology.
The scale of features necessitates a cataclysmic process in order to
accommodate a young earth chronology. Implications for current creationist
theories regarding the rapid formation of the Grand Canyon are described.
Steam superposition at Unaweep Canyon is an area for creationist research.
This involves issues regarding the incision of Unaweep Canyon into crystalline
rock and the time of canyon formation. The author proposes multiple
episodes of drainage of flood waters.
Big Sky Paving Gravel Deposit Cascade County, Montana
buttes, benches, and pediments are common in Montana east of the continental
divide. One such gravel deposit near Great Falls, Montana, has been
extensively mined by Big Sky Paving, Inc. Gravel fabric, sorting, bedding,
load structures, and an associated clay rhythmite unit within the gravel
deposit are described in this paper. A brief summary of traditional
genitive explanations is presented. However, the characteristics of
the Big Sky Paving deposit appear to be at variance with these uniformitarian
explanations. A biblical approach to earth history provides superior
explanations for the depositional features of this deposit.