© 2000 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
35, Number 1
a Holobaraminic Origin of the Cats
Robinson and David P. Cavanaugh
The baraminology of living
cats has been investigated using recently described quantitative methods.
A variety of characters including ecological, morphological, chromosomal,
and molecular data were used to characterize 17 cat species, the spotted
hyaena, and the meerkat. Application of phenetic and cladistic clustering
algorithms defined three subgroups of cats, which are: the genera Panthera
plus Neofelis, Acionyx plus Puma, and Felis
plus allied genera. Quantitative analyses suggested that the three cat
subgroups each form a monobaramin. Hybridization records suggesting
a potential for gene flow between two of the monobaramins, plus extensive
phenetic overlap between all three of the monobaramins suggested all
felids could be lumped into a single monobaramin. Statistically significant
gaps between the cat and outgroup taxa suggested these species were
apobaraminic. Monobaraminic continuity within the cats and apobaraminic
discontinuity bet! ween the cat and outgroup taxa leads to the hypothesis
of a single Felid holobaramin.
Report on the Precambrian Pikes Peak Iron Formation Yavapai County,
Froede Jr., George F. Howe, John K. Reed, and John R. Meyer
The Precambrian Yavapai
Series contains the Pikes1 Peak Iron Formation, dated to the Early Proterozoic,
a uniformitarian age of 1.75 billion years old. The origin and development
of iron bearing strata remain somewhat enigmatic within the uniformitarian
model because no modern analogy of iron-rich deposition occurs on earth
today. Various models have been proposed by uniformitarians in their
attempt to explain its origin and occurrence. Based on our examination
of several outcrops, we propose that the Precambrian Yavapai Series
and the Pikes Peak Iron Formation formed during the earliest stages
of the Flood (Lower Flood Event Division) in a volcanic setting (possibly
including hydrothermal activity) under subaqueous conditions.
Size of the Moon and Other Planetary Satellites
An Argument for Design
It previously has been argued
that the circumstances of total solar eclipses for the earth-moon system
are unique in the solar system and that this suggests design. This is
reexamined using the latest data on the many satellites now known to
exist in the solar system. This argument is shown to be stronger than
ever. Some comments about the design argument in astronomy are made.
It is suggested that discussion of the definition and application of
the design argument be pursued.
Important Plants Called Mosses
Mosses were assumed for
years to play a minor role in ecology, but we now know they play a critical
role in the earths complex biomass ecosystem. Without mosses and
their relatives life probably could not exist on our planet unless the
Creator supplied another means to carry out their functions. What was
once regarded as an independent class of plants is now recognized as
a part of a complex interrelated ecosystem. If any one part is too seriously
disrupted, then the whole is threatened. These tiny plants have design
features they share with the rest of the Kingdom Plantae, as well as
unique characteristics of their own. Mosses exist in the lowest parts
of the fossil record and are not much different today. The lack of evidence
for moss evolution is common to most plants and poses a significant
problem for evolutionary naturalism.
From Big Bend National Park, Texas (Dawson Creek Region)
Part V: Origin and Diagenesis of Clays
Williams, Robert L. Goette, William G. Stark and George T. Matzko
Petrified and charcoalified
woods were collected from the Dawson Creek region of Big Bend National
Park. The results of the various tests conducted on the fossils were
reported in Parts IIV of this series along with a creationist
interpretation of petrifaction and charcoalifaction. Samples of the
clays, in which the fossil woods were located, were gathered with permission
of the Park Service. Tests were performed on the clays to determine
their origin and the nature of diagenetic processes acting upon them.
The clays are believed to be of volcanic origin. The original volcanic
ash was altered to form bentonitic clays. This alteration probably occurred
in the late stages of the Flood or soon thereafter in a post-Flood temperate
climate in Trans-Pecos Texas.
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