The major energy currency molecule of the cell, ATP, is evaluated in the context of creationism. This complex molecule is critical for all life from the simplest to the most complex. It is only one of millions of enormously intricate nanomachines that needs to have been designed in order for life to exist on earth. This molecule is an excellent example of irreducible complexity because it is necessary in its entirety in order for even the simplest form of life to survive.
Formation at Colorado National Monument, Mesa County, Colorado
Williams (1995) and Froede (1996) provided a dramatic example of rapid cliff formation by cliff sapping, a very rapid form of erosion. A comparison is made with a larger set of cliffs, eroded in an earlier time at Colorado National Monument. The author envisions the development of West Central Colorado topography in two phases: first, the retreat of Flood waters, carving the broad valleys (Shaver, 1998); and, second, a period of catastrophic post-Flood erosion, producing features such as the cliffs at Colorado National Monument. Catastrophic sapping may have applications to other sites in the Colorado Plateau region.
Theories on Origin and Catastrophic Deposition
The Haymond Formation exposed within the Marathon Basin contains blocks and boulders derived from at least three different source areas. Uniformitarian geologists have proposed several different depositional settings in an effort to understand the origin of these blocks and associated boulder beds. This article reviews those models, explains their shortcomings, and proposes a solution within the framework and time frames of the Young-Earth Flood model. We propose that these blocks and boulders were locally derived and subaqueously deposited during the global Flood, within at least two different yet related settings: 1) as boulders within turbidity-currents, 2) and as slump and/or slide blocks derived from the rim of the basin and from upturned thrust blocks due to tectonism associated with the Ouachita Orogeny (viewed as a Flood tectonic event).