energy currency molecule of the cell, ATP, is evaluated in the context
of creationism. This complex molecule is critical for all life from
the simplest to the most complex. It is only one of millions of enormously
intricate nanomachines that needs to have been designed in order for
life to exist on earth. This molecule is an excellent example of irreducible
complexity because it is necessary in its entirety in order for even
the simplest form of life to survive.
Formation at Colorado National Monument, Mesa County, Colorado
(1995) and Froede (1996) provided a dramatic example of rapid cliff
formation by cliff sapping, a very rapid form of erosion. A comparison
is made with a larger set of cliffs, eroded in an earlier time at Colorado
National Monument. The author envisions the development of West
Central Colorado topography in two phases: first, the retreat of Flood
waters, carving the broad valleys (Shaver, 1998); and, second, a period
of catastrophic post-Flood erosion, producing features such as the cliffs
at Colorado National Monument. Catastrophic sapping may have applications
to other sites in the Colorado Plateau region.
Haymond Formation Boulder Beds of Marathon Basin, West Texas:
Theories on Origin and Catastrophic Deposition
F. Howe and Carl R. Froede Jr.
Formation exposed within the Marathon Basin contains blocks and boulders
derived from at least three different source areas. Uniformitarian geologists
have proposed several different depositional settings in an effort to
understand the origin of these blocks and associated boulder beds. This
article reviews those models, explains their shortcomings, and proposes
a solution within the framework and time frames of the Young-Earth Flood
model. We propose that these blocks and boulders were locally derived
and subaqueously deposited during the global Flood, within at least
two different yet related settings: 1) as boulders within turbidity-currents,
2) and as slump and/or slide blocks derived from the rim of the basin
and from upturned thrust blocks due to tectonism associated with the
Ouachita Orogeny (viewed as a Flood tectonic event).