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Copyright © 1970, 2000 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.

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Volume 7, Number 1
June, 1970
Abstracts


Critique Of Stellar Evolution

George Mulfinger

The theory that stars condense spontaneously from interstellar clouds is challenged from several standpoints. Entropy and force calculations are presented, the results of which indicate that such a process would be contrary to the workings of nature. The circular reasoning inherent in astronomical dating methods is discussed, along with a sampling of the many age discrepancies in the literature today. The conclusion from this study is that such dating methods are entirely devoid of scientific value, since they involve guessing at an evolutionary history for the object being dated. Other topics discussed include the alleged serial relationships among stars and problems of planet and galaxy formation.


The Earth In Space And Time

Harold W. Clark, M.A.

This paper discusses the problem of the origin of the earth and heavenly bodies in the light of the Genesis record and modern scientific discoveries.

Since introduction of pagan philosophical interpretation into Christian theology in the fourth and fifth centuries A.D., Christian scholars have had to battle against evolutionary theories.

Modern astronomy has pushed back the bounds of the universe both in space and time, but so far as any explanation of the manner of its origin, nothing but hypotheses have been offered. No proofs of any kind have been forthcoming.

Atomic physicists have given strong support to the doctrine of creation by the discovery of the relation between matter and energy. But no explanation has ever been offered that will show the source of the energy units from which material substance was derived. The Bible alone answers the question by saying that "by him all things consist." (Col. 1:17)

Attempts to push the time of the flood and creation back many thousands of years beyond the records of Genesis have met with very serious problems, and a careful analysis of the situation supports the "short-time" chronology.

It is important that Christian scholars avoid being "uniformitarian creationists" and thereby surrender the fundamental principles of true creationism.


Is There Life On Other Worlds?

A Critical Reassessment Of The Evidence

Frank W. Cousins

The case for life on other worlds is examined according to three hypotheses that are presently put forward, viz.

  1. That there are numerous planetary abodes for life in the Milky Way and in the extragalactic nebulae.
  2. That simple life came into being by a fortuitous assemblage of inorganic matter in the primeval oceans of the earth.
  3. That life has evolved from a simple beginning on earth and that it will have proceeded in a similar fashion on the other hypothetical planets.

Evidence on each of these three counts is shown to be unsatisfactory and the intellectual edifice one that is open to considerable doubt. The question of life on other worlds is seen to be an open one.


Are There Corporeal Living Beings Outside The Earth

Harold Armstrong

The question, whether there are corporeal living beings elsewhere than on the Earth, is investigated with the help of information both from observation and from Scripture. Within the solar system, the evidence from observation alone shows fairly conclusively that there is no extraterrestrial life. Beyond the solar system, observation provides little evidence one way or the other. Scripture, however, and especially certain parts dealing with concepts of the fall and redemption provides strong evidence to show that there are no rational corporeal living beings outside the Earth. And, again on grounds of Scripture, it is suggested that if there are no rational beings, then there are no irrational beings.


The Nature Of Speculations Concerning The Origin Of Life

Duane T. Gish, Ph.D.

Though a majority of scientists believe that the origin of life was due to a natural evolutionary process, a significant minority disagrees.

By examining some important implications and limitations, prejudicial aspects of the materialistic position are made manifest with regard to some of the experimental work being conducted today in support of speculations on the origin of life.

Attention is given to the impossibility of the existence of many present day reagents on a primitive earth, and to weaknesses of many comparisons of precellular models of actual cellular conditions, before a five point of enumeration of problems that must be solved by a naturalistic approach.


Is The Universe A Thermodynamic System?

Emmett L. Williams, Ph.D.

To ask the question, Is the universe a thermodynamic system?, is meaningless scientifically. Scientific opinions regarding the extent of the universe vary widely. Examples of both conservative statements and unqualified speculation are found in current reports. There is no way to determine the extent of the universe or its thermodynamic character at the present time using the scientific method alone. However, a Christian may use the Scriptures and reach the conclusion that the universe is a thermodynamic system, since it is subject to the first and second laws of thermodynamics. It is speculated herein that the universe is also an isolated thermodynamic system.


Origin And Development Of The Universe

Thomas G. Barnes, D.Sc.

The generalized concept of energy and the law of conservation of energy are developed from a historical point of view. The second law of thermodynamics is presented as a companion law. These two laws are shown to present a paradox to the evolutionary theories of the origin and development of the universe. The creation point of view is shown to remove that paradox.


Carbon-14 And The "Age" Of The Atmosphere

Melvin A. Cook, Ph.D.

Formation of Carbon-14 (14C) in the earth's atmosphere exceeds the known rate of decay for 14C by a significant amount. The author of the radiocarbon method, Dr. William Libby, has attempted to explain this discrepancy by assuming that some of the 14C is continually and irretrievably deposited in sediments.

The present paper shows that Libby's explanation leads to preposterous conclusions and is no "explanation" at all. The discrepancy continues to exist, it is real, and it is evidence that may be used to defend the Biblical, not the geological time scale.


Time, Life And History In The Light Of 15,000 Radiocarbon Dates

Robert L. Whitelaw

In the twenty years since introduction of radiocarbon dating by Libby, some 91 universities and laboratories in 25 different countries have dated over 15,000 independent specimens of once-living matter. Almost every imaginable form of life both recent and ancient is represented, gathering from every corner of the globe, including "prehistoric" man, a wide range of fossil flora and fauna, and even coal, petroleum and natural gas. All such matter is found datable within 50,000 years as published.

When the published dates are corrected for a basic scientific error in the method, they not only point to a recent creation, but they show an unmistakable world-wide disappearance of man and animals for a long period about 5,000 years ago. On the hypothesis that this drop-off corresponds to the Genesis Flood, it is then possible to derive a Carbon-14 production rate variation with time, which in turn leads to a better correction from published to true dates.

When the true dates of 9,671 independent specimens of animals, trees and human culture are then separated into three categories, and their distribution studied from creation to present in 500-year intervals, a most remarkable confirmation of the details of Biblical Creation and Noachian Flood can be seen on fourteen separate counts. This is shown graphically in Figure 3.

The hypothesis employed is thus confirmed! The evolutionary concept of time, life and history stands thoroughly discredited, and the Biblical record of creation and flood just as thoroughly vindicated.


The Mystery Of Buried Redwood

V. L. Westberg

This paper is a report of evidence concerning redwood trees that are deeply buried in California strata. Such trees present a problem to uniformitarian geologists, but they fit clearly with explanations presented in terms of the Noachian flood.

 

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